HC-SR501 Adjust IR Infrared PIR Motion Sensor


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Detail about PIR Sensor

PIR sensors allow you to sense motion, almost always used to detect whether a human has moved in or out of the sensors range. They are small, inexpensive, low-power, easy to use and don't wear out. For that reason they are commonly found in appliances and gadgets used in homes or businesses. They are often referred to as PIR, "Passive Infrared", "Pyroelectric", or "IR motion" sensors.

PIRs are basically made of a pyroelectric sensor (which you can see above as the round metal can with a rectangular crystal in the center), which can detect levels of infrared radiation. Everything emits some low level radiation, and the hotter something is, the more radiation is emitted. The sensor in a motion detector is actually split in two halves. The reason for that is that we are looking to detect motion (change) not average IR levels. The two halves are wired up so that they cancel each other out. If one half sees more or less IR radiation than the other, the output will swing high or low.

Along with the pyroelectic sensor is a bunch of supporting circuitry, resistors and capacitors. It seems that most small hobbyist sensors use the BISS0001 ("Micro Power PIR Motion Detector IC") , undoubtedly a very inexpensive chip. This chip takes the output of the sensor and does some minor processing on it to emit a digital output pulse from the analog sensor.

For many basic projects or products that need to detect when a person has left or entered the area, or has approached, PIR sensors are great. They are low power and low cost, pretty rugged, have a wide lens range, and are easy to interface with. Note that PIRs won't tell you how many people are around or how close they are to the sensor, the lens is often fixed to a certain sweep and distance (although it can be hacked somewhere) and they are also sometimes set off by house pets. Experimentation is key!


  • Color : White + Green
  • Dimension : 3.2cm x 2.4cm x 1.8cm (approx.) Infrared sensor with control circuit board
  • The sensitivity and holding time can be adjusted
  • Working Voltage Range : DC 4.5V- 20V
  • Current drain : <60uA 
  • Voltage Output: High/Low level signal : 3.3V TTL output
  • Detection distance : 3--7M(can be adjusted)
  • Detection range : <140°
  • Delay time : 5-200S(can be adjusted, default 5s +-3%)
  • Blockade time : 2.5 S (default)
  • Trigger: L: Non-repeatable trigger H : Repeat Trigger (default)
  • Work temperature : -20-+80°C
  • Trigger Method : L unrepeatable trigger / H repeatable trigger 


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HC-SR501 Adjust IR Infrared PIR Motion Sensor

HC-SR501 Adjust IR Infrared PIR Motion Sensor

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